Lithium-ion Battery Fires

NFPA 18A Annex 4.3
Encapsulator Agent Lithium-ion Battery Testing

“Water additives based on spherical micelle technology (Encapsulator Agents) conforming to Section 7.7 have been tested extensively by independent third-party testing organizations, including Kiwa, Dekra, Daimler, Dutech, Bosch, Fraunhofer University and TU Clausthal. This testing has been controlled, scientific and highly instrumented, documenting fire suppression, control and elimination of thermal runaway and encapsulation of both flammable electrolyte and other explosive off-gases, rendering them nonexplosive. Encapsulator Technology reduces the toxicity of HF gas exposure to humans.”