Lithium-ion Batteries

 The solution for Lithium-ion Battery and Energy Storage System (ESS) hazards.

Incidents involving lithium-ion batteries continue to skyrocket.
 
Lithium-ion batteries that catch fire due to overcharging, extreme temperature exposure or trauma can pose many risks that separate them from your average emergency, including thermal runaway, re-ignition and the emission of toxic flammable off-gases.
 
These risks don’t stay at the scene of the incident. If thermal runaway propagation is not halted properly, lithium-ion batteries have a documented
history of re-igniting hours to days post-incident. This is becoming a devastating hazard for scrap yards and recycling facilities across the world.
 
Major automakers continue to pledge to make 50% of new models electric by 2030 and eliminate all gas-powered vehicles by 2035. This innovation is paving the way for a bright future, but we must remain prepared with innovative fire protection technology.

 

Hazard Applications

 Identifying lithium-ion battery hazards in personal, public and professional environments.

Electronics

  • Smart Phones
  • Laptops
  • Power Tools
  • Medical Devices

Transportation

  • Hybrid/Electric Vehicles
  • Electric Buses/Trains
  • Electric Bikes/Scooters
  • Aviation/Maritime

Energy Storage

  • Industrial Energy Storage
  • Large-scale Rack System Storage
  • Large-scale Charging Stations
  • Workshop/Garage Energy Storage

 

+ More

 

Thermal Runaway

 How does overcharging, temperature and trauma contribute to thermal runaway?

Overcharging

 Overcharging electric vehicles and personal devices can lead to them overheating. This can trigger thermal runaway.

Temperature

Avoid charging vehicles and devices in extreme temperatures. Thermal runaway can be triggered by both extremes.

Trauma

A vehicle collision or device drop can cause trauma severe enough to trigger thermal runaway hours, days, weeks or months later.

 

Toxic Off-gases

 How does Encapsulator Technology reduce toxic off-gas exposure?

Flammable Electrolyte

The flammable liquid medium which aids in the movement of ions within lithium-ion batteries.

Hydrogen Fluoride Gas

An acute poisonous gas released by burning lithium-ion batteries that can permanently damage the lungs and eyes.

Carbon Monoxide

One of more than 100 toxic flammable off-gases emitted by burning lithium-ion batteries.

 

Third-party Testing

 Over a decade of scientific testing documented in NFPA 18A Annex 4.3.

Testing Partners

Encapsulator Agents conforming to Section 7.7

have been tested extensively by independent third-party

organizations. This testing has been controlled, scientific

and highly instrumented, documenting fire suppression,

control and elimination of thermal runaway and

encapsulation of both flammable electrolyte and other

explosive off-gases, rendering them nonexplosive and

reducing the toxicity of HF gas exposure to humans.

Fraunhofer HHI

2019

Fraunhofer HHI

2021

New York Port Authority

2022

 

Chronology

Over a decade of acceptance points to one solution: Encapsulator Technology

  • 2008

     

    Bosch

    Hazard Control Technologies Europe provides Bosch with F-500 Encapsulator Agent to conduct fire suppression testing on lithium-ion batteries.

  • 2009

    Bosch

    Bosch concludes fire suppression comparison testing of water, foam, powder and F-500 Encapsulator Agent on lithium-ion and nickel-metal hydride batteries as well as other production parts.

     

    2009

  • 2009

     

    Bosch

    Hazard Control Technologies Europe was invited to Bosch headquarters in Stuttgart, Germany. F-500 Encapsulator Agent was chosen as a product of choice by Bosch for extinguishing lithium-ion batteries. Bosch becomes our official reference customer.

  • 2009

    VDA

    Bosch communicates their findings at VDA. The VDA nationally and internationally promotes the interests of the German automotive industry.

     

    2009

  • 2010

     

    Baden-Wurttemberg State Fire School

    Bosch shares their findings with the Baden-Wurttemberg State Fire School.

  • 2011

    Baden-Wurttemberg State Fire School

    Baden-Wurttemberg Fire School publishes an application guideline on the potential dangers involving vehicles with lithium-ion batteries referencing the use of F-500 Encapsulator Agent to mitigate lithium-ion battery hazards.

     

    2011

  • 2011

     

    BrandSchutz Magazine

    An article appears in BrandSchutz Magazine discussing the use of F-500 Encapsulator Agent for high-voltage car hazards.

  • 2012

    DEKRA

    DEKRA issues a press release with final test reports and recommends F-500 Encapsulator Agent in an opinion letter.

     

    2012

  • 2013

     

    Formula 1

    BrandSchutz Magazine describes an incident at the Barcelona Formula 1 Grand Prix that prompted the Hockenheim Circuit to test and accept F-500 Encapsulator Agents as their only firefighting agent, replacing all foam.

  • 2013

    SAE International Conference

    DEKRA Automotive GmbH, Daimler AG and Deutsche ACCUmotive GmbH & Co. KG present the DEKRA Report findings in Detroit, MI at the SAE International Conference. The report receives attention from NFPA and the United States automotive industry.

     

    2013

  • 2015

     

    General Motors

    General Motors invites Hazard Control Technologies to their headquarters to test F-500 Encapsulator Agent on lithium-ion battery hazards.

  • 2016

    General Motors

    General Motors specifies F-500 Encapsulator Agent for their lithium-ion battery abuse lab.

     

    2016

  • 2016

     

    Tesla

    Tesla specifies F-500 Encapsulator Agent and installs the first F-500 Encapsulator Agent powered fire suppression system engineered and designed for battery charging areas at the Tesla Giga Factory in Sparks, NV.

  • 2016

    Jaguar

    Jaguar standardizes on F-500 Encapsulator Agent for lithium-ion battery hazard protection.

     

    2016

  • 2017

     

    Kiwa

    Kiwa Netherlands B.V. lithium-ion battery testing concludes F-500 Encapsulator Agent is the most effective agent on lithium-ion battery fires when tested against foam and dry chemical fire extinguishing agents.

  • 2018

    Nanjing Tech University

    The College of Safety Science and Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, in Nanjing, China, publishes an abstract for the 8th International Conference on Fire Science and Fire Protection Engineering summarizing previous experimental studies on lithium-ion battery fire suppression using F-500 Encapsulator Agent.

     

    2018

  • 2019

     

    Fraunhofer

    Fraunhofer HHI in Goslar, Germany tests the extinguishing power of F 500 Encapsulator Agent on lithium-ion battery fires at their battery and sensor testing center.

  • 2020

    TU Clausthal

    TU Clausthal lithium-ion battery testing in Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany concludes that using a 2% solution of F-500 Encapsulator Agent to extinguish a lithium-ion battery fire is significantly superior to using plain water.

     

    2020

  • 2021

     

    Fraunhofer

    Fraunhofer Institute for Telecommunication and Heinrich Hertz Institute, HHI conduct a sprinkler testing series on F-500 Encapsulator Agent for lithium-ion battery fire suppression.

  • 2022

    NFPA 18A Annex 4.3

    Encapsulator Technology is mentioned in the 2022 edition of NFPA under 18A Annex 4.3 for lithium-ion battery fire hazards. “This testing has been controlled, scientific and highly instrumented, documenting fire suppression, control and elimination of thermal runaway and encapsulation of both flammable electrolyte and other explosive off-gases, rendering them nonexplosive. Encapsulator Technology reduces the toxicity of HF gas exposure to humans.”

     

    2022

  • 2022

     

    Sapienza University of Rome

    The department of chemical engineering at Sapienza University of Rome, systems and technologies for mobility and accumulation laboratory, ENE DTE-PCU-STMA, central directorate for prevention and technical safety, CR Casaccia and the national fire brigade of Rome, Italy publish an experimental investigation of Encapsulator Technology for lithium-ion battery fire suppression.

  • 2022

    Beijing Institute of Technology

    The State Key Laboratory of Explosion Science and Technology and Beijing Institute of Technology in Beijing, China publish an experimental investigation of F-500 Encapsulator Agent on lithium-ion phosphate battery fire suppression focusing on rapid heat reduction.

     

    2022

  • 2022

     

    Beijing Institute of Technology

    The State Key Laboratory of Explosion Science and TechnologyBeijing Institute of Technology and the department of engineering physics at Tsinghua University in Beijing, China publish an investigation on extinguishment mechanisms of a spherical micelle and the effectiveness of F-500 Encapsulator Agent on lithium-ion battery fires.

 

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